The list below represents ingredients that have been questioned over recent years. While these continue to be reviewed by research scientists, the medical community and international governing bodies regarding potential harmful effects, we at Indie Lee believe in taking a more cautious approach. When in doubt, formulate out.
Pesticides and theoretically any non-organic plant product such as certain detergents, foaming agents, emulsifiers and solvents.
A residual chemical (by-product) left behind when products are ethoxylated (all PEGs, PPGs, and some surfactants). Findings indicate this is a potential human carcinogen.
Ingredients with the prefix , word or syllables "PEG" Polyethylene, Polyethylene Glycol, Polysorbate or Polyxyethylene and words with containing "eth" or "oxynol" in them
Usually found in personal care products especially deodorants
Can be extremely irritating on abraded skin.
Aluminum Chloride, Aluminum cChlorohydrate, Aluminum Hydroxybromide
Found in lipsticks, moisturizers and other personal care products. Often found in fragrance ingredients.
Butylated Hydroxyanisole (BHA) and Butylated Hydroxytoleune (BHT). Synthetic antioxidants used as preservatives. BHA is linked to cancer, skin irritation and hormone disruption. Toluene-based preservative, BHT, is linked with skin irritation.
BOA, Tert-Butyl-4-Hydroxyanisole, (1,1-Dimethylethyl)-4-Methoxyphenol, Tert-Butyl-4-Methoxyphenol, Antioxyne B,
Found in hair dyes, cosmetics and hair treatments, especially those for anti-dandruff
These are a mixture of many chemicals, often derived from petroleum and manufactured synthetically. They may often be contaminated with low levels of heavy metals and some are combined with aluminum substrates.
P-phenylenediamine. Common in colorants and hair dyes, it may appear with a five digit color Index (CI) # from 75000-77000 or may be listed as FD&C or D&C followed by a color.
Soaps, shampoos, hair conditioners and dyes, lotions, shaving creams, paraffin and waxes, household cleaning products, pharmaceutical ointments, eyeliners, mascara, eye shadows, blush, make-up bases, foundations, fragrances, sunscreens
DEA (and derivatives) are on Prop 65 list. TEA and MEA are not but they can contain DEA by-products. May be contaminated with chemicals like Nitrosamines which are linked to cancer. The European Commission prohibits DEAs in cosmetics.
2-Aminoethanol, Triethanolamine, Diethanolamine, DEA, TEA, Cocamide DEA, Cocamide MEA, DEA-Cetyl Phosphate, DEA Oleth-3 Phosphate, Lauramide DEA, Linoleamide MEA, Myristamide DEA, Oleamide DEA, Stearamide MEA, TEA-Lauryl Sulfate
Nail polish, deodorants, soap, shampoos and shaving cream
Has been linked to immune system toxicity and respiratory irritation.
Not typically listed as an ingredient however these Formaldehyde "releasers" or "donors" are often listed on ingredient labels: DMDM Hydantoin, Diaxzolidinyl Urea, Imidazolidinyl Urea, Methanamine, Quaternium-15 and Sodium hHydroxymethylglycincate. May also appear as Cormalin, Formicaldehyde, Methanol, Methyl aldehyde
Shampoos, body wash and cleansers
Can cause skin allergies and irritation. Studies suggest it may be toxic to the nervous system.
2-METHYL- 3 (2H) -ISOTHIAZOLONE; 2-METHYL-2H-ISOTHIAZOL-3-ONE; 2-METHYL-3 (2H) -ISOTHIAZOLONE; 2-METHYL-4-ISOTHIAZOLIN-3-ONE; 3 (2H) -ISOTHIAZOLONE, 2-METHYL-; 3 (2H) ISOTHIAZOLONE, 2METHYL; METHYLCHLOROISOTHIAZOLINONE225METHYLISOTHIAZOLINONE SOLUTION; 2-METHYL-3 (2H) -ISOTHIAZOLONE; 2-METHYL-4-ISOTHIAZOLIN-3-ONE
Skin lotions, creams, ointments, cosmetics and hair care products
A colorless and odorless oil that is made from petroleum—as a by-product of the distillation of petroleum to produce gasoline. Lightweight and inexpensive, it helps reduce water loss from the skin.
Liquid Petroleum, Paraffin Oil and White Mineral Oil
Cosmetics and sunscreen
May be toxic if inhaled. Ultra-fine and may cross over permeable membranes and into our bodies.
Found in many cosmetic and pharmaceutical products including shampoo, conditioner, moisturizer and deodorant
Used as a preservative. Certain parabens have been linked to hormone disrution, skin irritation, contact dermatitis and rosacea in individuals with paraben allergies.
Methylparaben, Ethylparaben, Butylparaben, Propylparaben Isobutylparaben, Isopropylparaben, Benzylparaben
Shampoo, body wash, lotions and creams
Derived from processed petroleum. There is concern regarding unsustainable sourcing and possible contamination from Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) which are linked to cancer.
Liquid Paraffin, Mineral Oil Jelly and Petroleum Jelly
Many cosmetics and personal care products including nail polish
Chemicals used to increase flexibility and strength of plastics. Usually found within fragrances. Some phtalates have been linked to hormone disruption.
Bensybutyl Phthalate (BzBP), Bi-n-butyl Phthalate or Dibutyl Phthalate (DBP) DEP DEHP and fragrance
Found in moisturizers and facial treatments
Cyclomethicone and ingredients ending in siloxane, speeds product dry down and with improvd glide. Suspected endocrine discrupter and reproductive toxicant. Harmful to fish and wildlife.
Commonly used in shampoo and personal care products
Salt, acid derivatives. Detergent that makes products foam, lather and bubble. May cause irritation of the skin and mucous membranes.
Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS) and Sodium Laureth Sulfate (SLES)
Many cosmetics, personal and hair care products
Can contain between 10 and 300 different chemicals, many of which have never been tested for safety. May be associated with allergies, dermatitis and respiratory conditions.
Baby powder, body and shower products, lotions, feminine hygiene products, eyeshadow, foundation, lipstick, deodorants, acne treatments and face masks
Some talc may contain the known carcinogen asbestos, therefore it should be avoided in powders and other personal care products.
Talcum powder, cosmetic talc, Magnesium Silicate
Nail polish and hair dye
This is often used as a solvent to improve adhesion and gloss. It has been linked to allergies and irritation. Toxic to the immune system, this solvent may cause birth defects.
Found in soap, mouthwash, shaving cream, deodorants, detergent and toothpaste
May make bacteria resistant to antibiotics due to its overuse in cosmetics and cleaning products. 2016 FDA ruling states it can no longer be included in soaps and antiseptic washes. May be associated with hormone disruption.